Creation of Agri-Obtentions

Agri Obtentions, an INRA subsidiary, is an independent company whose mission is to create and exploit new plant varieties.

Sequencing of genome of a model legume: Medicago truncatula

INRA scientists, working in collaboration with teams from the Génoscope (CEA) and CNRS, have deciphered the genome of a legume, Medicago truncatula, or barrelclover. Knowledge of its genome will facilitate access to the localisation of genes of interest in cultivated legumes such as pea, field bean, lentil, alfalfa and clover, etc.

The first Salon de l’Agriculture

An agricultural section was already present in 1855 during the Paris Universal Exhibition. But it was only in 1870 that the first Agricultural Competition was organised. This became a week-long agricultural event in 1909. After the Second World War, Edgar Pisani (on the left), Minister of Agriculture, created the National Centre for Agricultural Exhibitions and Competitions (CENECA), but the first Salon de l’Agriculture only opened its doors in 1964.

First in vitro cultivation of agricultural plant species

During the 1950s, INRA scientists were able to show that the cultivation of meristems could obtain virus-free plants (work by Pierre Limasset, Pierre Cornuet, Georges Morel and Claude Martin). This technique was applied to numerous species with vegetative reproduction; ornamentals (dahlias, orchids, etc.), vegetables (potato, etc.) and fruits (raspberry, etc.), whose development was severely affected by viral diseases.

Creation of the Marselan vine variety

Developed near Marseillan by scientists from INRA and ENSAM, Marselan is a red wine grape that results from the crossing of Cabernet Sauvignon et Grenache Noir.

Birth of Amandine, the first French “test-tube baby”

Amandine was born at Hôpital Antoine Béclère, in Clamart (92), near Paris, just under four years after the British baby Louise Brown, the first test-tube baby in the world. France has thus shown that it is also capable of enabling a successful uman birth following in vitro fertilisation.

Creation of the Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées Research Centre

INRA’s Toulouse Midi-Pyrénées Research Centre offers a focus for multidisciplinary scientific activities. Research by the Centre draws strength from a broad range of experimental units (arable crops, sheep and rabbit rearing, etc.).

Publication of the Ecophyto R&D report

In 2007, at the request of the Ministries for the Environment and Agriculture, INRA initiated a study on low-pesticide cropping systems. Four sectors were targeted: arable crops, fruit arboriculture, viticulture and vegetable crops. In each case, different strategies to reduce the use of plant health products were analysed. The economic and environmental impacts of implementing these strategies were evaluated under different scenarios in France.

Start of the MEM metaprogramme

This cross-disciplinary and transversal research programme aims to study the genetic diversity of little known microbial ecosystems in order to predict, control or modify their functioning. The scope of this programme includes: agrosystems, digesters, food ecosystems and health-related ecosystems.