Thierry Mandon, Secretary of State for Higher Education and Research, and François Houllier, President of INRA, opened the tenth INRA Awards ceremony, hosted by David Lowe and Agathe Lecaron at the Grand Palais in Paris. They presented the six winners with trophies to reward their commitment and achievements in different fields of agricultural research.
Ninth INRA Awards ceremony
Stéphane Le Foll, Minister for Agriculture, the Food Industry and Forestry, Geneviève Fioraso, Secretary of State for Higher Education and Research, and François Houllier, President of INRA, opened the ninth INRA Awards ceremony, hosted by Mathieu Vidard at the Showcase in Paris.
The first ceremony for the INRA Awards, chaired by the President of the Institute, Marion Guillou, took place on 8 June 2006 in Paris, in the presence of Dominique Bussereau, Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries, François Goulard, Minister for Higher Education and Research, and Henri Revol, President of the Parliamentary Office for the Evaluation of Scientific and Technological Choices.
The first research stations were set up by INRA in Nancy, Avignon and Bordeaux for forestry, and Biarritz and Thonon-les-Bains for aquatic environments. Thus, as from 1964, the Institute was original in grouping research on both agriculture and forestry, while these areas tend to be dealt with by separate institutions in most other countries.
Harlem Désir visited INRA’s Bourgogne-Franche-Comté Research Centre on Monday 1st June 2015 in the context of launching the 2014-2020 programme of European funding in Burgundy. Welcomed by the President of the Centre, Françoise Simon-Plas, and by the President of the Université de Bourgogne, Alain Bonnin, the Secretary of State toured the Centre for Taste, Food and Nutrition Sciences.
In the context of an international consortium, a team from INRA’s Nancy-Lorraine Research Centre, the Joint Research Unit for Tree/Micro-organism Interactions, participated in the first sequencing programme on a tree genome, that of poplar, which was chosen because of its rapid growth rate and economic importance.
In 1972, the first personal computer in the world, the Micral, was developed by R2E in response to an order from INRA which wanted a transportable tool to measure and calculate soil evapotranspiration. In a cellar in Châtenay-Malabry, François Gernelle thus designed his prototype: an 8-bit Intel processor working at a rate of 500 Khz, with 2 Ko of live memory. On 15 January 1973 the order was delivered. This model would be marketed under the name Micral N.
The aim is to offer a logistical and technical structure that can assure the acquisition, conservation, characterisation and availability of soil microbial genetic resources (DNA) in the context of large-scale sampling campaigns.
The cost per megabase of DNA sequencing fell from $52 million in 2001 to….. $900 in 2012. This was made possible by the invention of high-throughput sequencing and work led by INRA in Dijon.
The direct extraction of DNA from soil samples marked an important step towards harmonising the methods used to quantify and identify soil microbial communities. Developed by INRA’s Joint Research Unit for Soil Microbiology and the Environment in Dijon, this extraction method became the subject of a standard (ISO 11063) in 2009.